How to Fuel Well Without Getting Addicted to Sugar

Our bodies are constantly releasing hormones to shuttle glucose into and out of our bloodstream so that we have the energy to do what we’re doing—whether that’s sitting on the couch or hiking up a mountain. The balance of macronutrients we need varies depending on the energy expenditure. For prolonged activity at a low to moderate intensity, our body needs a mix of carbohydrates, fats, and protein to fuel it and complete necessary tissue repairs.

However, a quick look at “performance” food such as gels, chews, and liquids seems to indicate that quick carbs, i.e., sugar, are the only thing necessary for sustaining you during activity. While sugar is indeed a preferred fuel, especially during maximal effort it is not the only energy source your body can use. (For further reading into the way the body processes energy sources during activity check out this article on how nutrients impact physical performance, from the Mayo Clinic.

Have you ever been in the middle of a multi-day backpacking trip and gazed longingly at your dinners and been completely un-appetized by your snacks? Chances are those snacks were high in sugar and your dinners were far more savory. Your body was likely craving electrolytes, healthy fat, and protein rather than a steady stream of sugar or simple carbohydrates.

Many people have asked me about ideas to eat on the trail without relying on (or forming an addiction to) sugar. Obviously, you can’t take everything you’d eat at home, but trying to replicate that healthy balance is the best place to start. The key to not becoming sugar reliant is to not bring a lot of sugar! Balance out those quick carbs with fat and protein and save the sugar boosts for when you really need them.

Below is an idea list of foods that mix the macros to help you get started on breaking the sugar reliance for your next hiking trip!

  • Trail Butter (or other nut butters)
  • Jerky
  • Dried seaweed
  • Dried hummus rehydrated and served on chips/pita/bagels
  • Avocado and salmon with tortillas or bagels
  • Salted dark chocolate covered almonds
  • Hard cheese
  • Salami/Pepperoni
  • Chips made without trans fats or added sugar
  • Pretzels
  • Crackers
  • Unsweetened dried fruit
  • Seeds and Nuts
  • Dark chocolate (at least 75%)
  • Hardboiled eggs (for day trips)
  • Sweet potatoes (pre-cooked) (for day trips)
  • Low-sugar/higher fat bars (like Kind Bars or Four Points, etc.)

As with anything, everybody fuels differently, what works for someone may not work for someone else. Mix and match your macronutrients until you find a combination that works well for you and your body! For a more in-depth exploration of nutrition and physical preparation for hiking and other adventures, you can check out the Adventure Ready family of courses I co-created with holistic nutritionist Katie Gerber.

Heather Anderson

Heather Anderson

National Geographic Adventurer of the year, Heather Anderson—known as Anish on trails—became the second female to complete the “Double Triple Crown of Backpacking” in 2017. In 2018 she simultaneously became the first female Triple Triple Crowner and the first female Calendar Year Triple Crowner when she hiked all three long trails in one March-November season. Heather holds the overall self-supported Fastest Known Time (FKT) on the Pacific Crest Trail (2013)–hiking it in 60 days, 17 hours, 12 min, which broke the previous men’s record by four days and established the first female record. She also holds the female self-supported FKT on the Appalachian Trail (2015) in a time of 54 days, 7 hours, 48 minutes, and the Arizona Trail (2016) which she completed in 19 days, 17 hours, 9 minutes. Heather has hiked over 30,000 miles since 2003 including 14 thru-hikes. She is also an ultra-marathon runner and has completed six 100 mile races since August 2011 as well as dozens of 50k and 50 mile events. When not on an adventure Heather speaks regularly about her adventures and the lessons learned on trail. She is the author of Thirst: 2600 Miles to Home (chronicling her Pacific Crest Trail record). A second book is due out in early 2021.

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2 thoughts on “How to Fuel Well Without Getting Addicted to Sugar”

  1. Yes! I find that this is a problem for me on trail races too, and I love it when aid stations have savory and salty options. When I self-support (day adventures), I’ll sometimes make some vegetarian maki rolls, which are really easy to pack and eat if you don’t cut them into the sushi sizes that most people enjoy. I look forward to the flavor and I can digest them pretty easily on the go.


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